The Woman Who Corrected a Judge
Sheikh Abul Wafa narrates that there was a Hanafi judge who would seperate witnesses when he was in doubt regarding their testimony (so that each witness could not hear the others testimony). One day a man and two women came before him as witnesses in a matter wherein women had to serve as witnesses. As was his procedure, he intended to separate the two women. However, one of the women addressed him saying : "You have made an error because Allah Ta'ala says in the Qura'an : "So that one could remind the other." When you have separated one from the other the Shar'i purpose enshrined in this verse will not be met."
Upon this, the judge did not follow his usual procedure. (At-Tazkirah)
The Slave Girl Who Deciphered the Clue
One day Ma'moon became quite angry with Taahir Ibn Abdullah, his millitary commander, and decided to recall him to have him killed. Now, Taahir had a friend who heard of this and sent a letter to him. The letter was very brief. It contained the words "As Salaam" and in the margin the words
When Taahir read it he began pondering over its meaning but could not manage to understand it.
However, his intelligent slave girl, explained the meaning to him : "O Moosa, the chiefs are taking counsel together about you to kill you." So, be careful about Ma'moon."
She had understood that the words "O Moosa" were an abreviation used to secretly convey the message referred to in Surah Qasas, verse 20.
Tahir then ensured that he did not go near Ma'mun until the issue was sorted out. (Muhadharat al-Udaba)
The Pious Woman Who Explained the Verses of Hijaab
Aasim Al-Ahwal narrates : We went to Hafsa Bint Sireen. As we entered she drew her jilbaab over her face as a niqaab (to cover her face from us).
We said to her : "May Allah have mercy on you! Allah mentions in the Quran : "And as for those women who are past childbearing age who do not desire to marry, there is no sin on them if they discard their outer clothing in such a way that they do not reveal their adornment." This refers to the jilbaab."
She then asked us: "What is mentioned after this verse?"
We replied : "But to refrain (not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them."
She then explained : "This is proof of wearing the jilbaab." (Sifatus Safwah)