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Monday, February 16, 2015
Surah Ad Duha
Surah Ad Duha was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (saw) at a
time when he had not received any revelation for six months, not even in the
form of a dream! The Prophet (saw) was in a very disturbed state of mind,
feeling negative and depressed and believing that Allah was displeased with
him, had forgotten him, and did not want him as a Nabi (saw)anymore.
Don’t we have similar feelings in our lives? Times when
our level of imaan is low,
our khushoo in salah wavers and we feel a drop in our
connection with Allah? We feel like our duas are not being answered,
our salah is not having a positive impact on our hearts, and worst of
all the feeling that we’re horrible human beings, that Allah doesn’t love us or
doesn’t care about us anymore.
Surah Ad-Duha was revealed to the Prophet (saw) to
relieve him of these negative feelings and to give him hope, positivity, and
the assurance that Allah is with him no matter what. From it we too can find
peace, hope, and a renewed faith in Allah when we go through similar states of depression,
sadness, and hopelessness.
So what does this surah say?
Wad duhaa— By the morning brightness
This is the first thing you need to hear when you’re
depressed: Wake up, look at the sunshine! Everything in life is not doom and
gloom– you just have to look up!
Wal laili iza sajaa— And [by] the night when it covers
Why is this aayah immediately talking about
darkness? As a reminder to us that the night is meant to cover and give us
comfort and rest.
Generally when we’re depressed, we tend to get into a
very bad sleep pattern by staying up at night and sleeping all day, thereby
worsening our state of mind. This aayah reminds us to use the night
as a comfort to ease our distress.
Ma wad da’aka rabbuka wa ma qalaa— Your Lord has not taken
leave of you, [O Muhammad], nor has He detested [you].
This is a very powerful verse from Allah telling us that
He doesn’t hate us and hasn’t forgotten us– reminding the depressed person that
He is always by his or her side!
Walal-aakhiratu khairul laka minal-oola— And the
Hereafter is better for you than the first [life].
Many times when we’re depressed we think: Is this
all my life is going to be? Is it never going to get better?
This aayah serves as a perfect answer to those
questions, reminding us that life in this world is temporary and
thatAakhira is certainly a better, more permanent place for us than this
world could ever be.
This makes us look forward to attaining our place in
Jannah and helps us look at any problems in our lives as temporary tests of our
faith from Allah.
Wa la sawfa y’uteeka rabbuka fatarda— And your Lord is
going to give you, and you will be satisfied.
A promise from Allah that very soon he will give us a
massive reward (Jannah) and we will be happy! Subhanallah!
Isn’t this the best thing to hear when you’re depressed
and fed up with this worldly life and the problems you’re facing?
Alam ya jidka yateeman fa aawaa – Did He not find you an
orphan and give [you] refuge?
From this verse onwards, Allah gives us reason to believe
His declarations and promises in the first half of the surah.
Now many of us may think: how would this aayah
about orphans relate to the majority of us? Think about it– weren’t there
many times in your life when you were sick or lonely and felt like you had
nobody who cared about you? Who was the only one by your side at that time?
Allah! It was He who took care of you and guided you out of that stage in life.
Wa wa jadaka daal lan fahada— And He found you lost and
How many of us, despite being born Muslims, have found
ourselves misguided and straying away from Islam in the past? It was Allah who
gave us that hidaya and brought us back to the straight path and to
Him and made us practicing Muslims.Alhamdulillah!
Wa wa jadaka ‘aa-ilan fa aghnaa— And He found you poor
and made [you] self-sufficient.
Many of us have probably gone through many periods in our
lives when we have been short of money and wealth. Now when we look back we
realize that it was only Allah who gave us that rizq in some form and
got us through those tough financial times.
When a person is depressed, giving him or her examples of
how Allah has helped them in the past will strengthen their conviction and
belief in the promises Allah makes in this surah for their future.
Fa am mal yateema fala.taqhar — So as for the orphan, do not
This aayah is the ultimate antidote to
Depressed people are mostly consumed with their situation
and feel that nobody could possibly be in a worse situation.
This aayah reminds us to look at people who are
in far worse situations than ourselves when we’re feeling hopeless and
depressed— Look at the orphans,who have no family or loved ones and nobody
to care for them. We have families and parents who love us, a roof over our
heads and food on the table and we still think we’re in a bad
Wa am mas saa-ila fala tanhar— And as for the petitioner,
do not repel [him].
Another example is of the beggar – to once again remind
us of the many material blessings that Allah has given us that we take for
granted – food, clothing and shelter. How many of us have ever gone to sleep
hungry? How many of us don’t have clothes to wear? Or don’t have a home to go
These examples of the orphan and the beggar are ones we
should constantly remind ourselves of to be thankful for the numerous blessings
Allah has given us, get over our depression and feel connected to Allah again,
out of gratitude.
Wa amma bi ne’mati rabbika fahad dith – But as for the
favor of your Lord, report [it].
This final aayah is about maintaining that renewed faith
and bond with Allah – by pondering, glorifying and talking about the blessings
of Allah! Either in terms of halaqas, discussions with family and friends or
even da’wah! Dhikr, reading quran and listening to lectures are also great ways
to keep the remembrance of Allah close to your heart!
So the next time you feel disconnected, disheartened or
depressed with your level of Imaan and your connection with Allah – read Surah
Ad Duha and ponder over its meanings – Inshallah it will restore your faith and
increase your belief in the greatness and power of Allah.